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昭明文选-两都赋序-0001

两都赋序 或曰:赋者,古诗之流也。毛诗序曰:诗有六义焉,二曰赋。故赋为古诗之流也。诸引文证,皆举先以明後,以示作者必有所祖述也。他皆类此。昔成康没而颂声寝,王泽竭而诗不作。言周道既微,雅颂并废也。史记曰:周武王太子诵立,是为成王。成王太子钊立,是为康王。毛诗序曰:颂者,以其成功告於神明者也。乐稽耀嘉曰:仁义所生为王。毛诗序曰:止乎礼义,先王之泽也。然则作诗禀乎先王之泽,故王泽竭而诗不作。作,兴也。

阅读(1187) 评论(0) 2015-03-25 21:07

文心雕龙-50

序志第五十 夫“文心”者,言为文之用心也。昔涓子《琴心》,王孙《巧心》,心哉美矣,故用之焉。古来文章,以雕缛成体,岂取驺奭之群言雕龙也。夫宇宙绵邈,黎献纷杂,拔萃出类,智术而已。岁月飘忽,性灵不居,腾声飞实,制作而已。夫人肖貌天地,禀性五才,拟耳目于日月,方声气乎风雷,其超出万物,亦已灵矣。形同草木之脆,名逾金石之坚,是以君子处世,树德建言,岂好辩哉?不得已也! 予生七龄,乃梦彩云若锦,则

阅读(1373) 评论(0) 2014-12-14 21:26

文心雕龙-49

程器第四十九 《周书》论士,方之梓材,盖贵器用而兼文采也。是以朴斫成而丹雘施,垣墉立而雕杇附。而近代词人,务华弃实。故魏文以为∶“古今文人,类不护细行。”韦诞所评,又历诋群才。后人雷同,混之一贯,吁可悲矣! 略观文士之疵∶相如窃妻而受金,扬雄嗜酒而少算,敬通之不修廉隅,杜笃之请求无厌,班固谄窦以作威,马融党梁而黩货,文举傲诞以速诛,正平狂憨以致戮,仲宣轻锐以躁竞,孔璋傯恫以粗疏,丁仪贪婪以乞货,

阅读(1480) 评论(0) 2014-10-13 22:42

A HISTORY OF WESTERN PHILOSOPHY(BERTRAND RUSSELL)-017

CHAPTER XXVI Cynics and Sceptics THE relation of intellectually eminent men to contemporary society has been very different in different ages. In some fortunate epochs they have been on the whole in h

阅读(2162) 评论(0) 2014-07-20 14:44

文心雕龙-48

知音第四十八 知音其难哉!音实难知,知实难逢,逢其知音,千载其一乎。夫古来知音,多贱同而思古,所谓“日进前而不御,遥闻声而相思”也。昔储说始出,子虚初成,秦皇汉武,恨不同时;既同时矣,则韩囚而马轻,岂不明鉴同时之贱哉!至于班固傅毅,文在伯仲,而固嗤毅云“下笔不能自休”。及陈思论才,亦深排孔璋,敬礼请润色,叹以为美谈,季绪好诋诃,方之于田巴,意亦见矣。故魏文称“文人相轻”,非虚谈也。至如君卿唇舌,

阅读(1428) 评论(0) 2014-06-15 23:24

文心雕龙-47

才略第四十七 九代之文,富矣盛矣;其辞令华采,可略而详也。虞、夏文章,则有皋陶六德,夔序八音,益则有赞,五子作歌,辞义温雅,万代之仪表也。商周之世,则仲虺垂诰,伊尹敷训,吉甫之徒,并述《诗》、《颂》,义固为经,文亦足师矣。 及乎春秋大夫,则修辞聘会,磊落如琅玕之圃,焜耀似缛锦之肆,薳敖择楚国之令典,随会讲晋国之礼法,赵衰以文胜从飨,国侨以修辞扌干郑,子太叔美秀而文,公孙挥善于辞令,皆文名之标者

阅读(1519) 评论(0) 2014-01-01 16:33

A HISTORY OF WESTERN PHILOSOPHY(BERTRAND RUSSELL)-016

CHAPTER XXV The Hellenistic World THE history of the Greek-speaking world in antiquity may be divided into three periods: that of the free City States, which was brought to an end by Philip and Alexan

阅读(2263) 评论(0) 2013-12-14 15:24

文心雕龙-46

物色第四十六 春秋代序,阴阳惨舒,物色之动,心亦摇焉。盖阳气萌而玄驹步,阴律凝而丹鸟羞,微虫犹或入感,四时之动物深矣。若夫珪璋挺其惠心,英华秀其清气,物色相召,人谁获安?是以献岁发春,悦豫之情畅;滔滔孟夏,郁陶之心凝。天高气清,阴沉之志远;霰雪无垠,矜肃之虑深。岁有其物,物有其容;情以物迁,辞以情发。一叶且或迎意,虫声有足引心。况清风与明月同夜,白日与春林共朝哉! 是以诗人感物,联类不穷。流连万象

阅读(1506) 评论(1) 2013-10-15 20:47

文心雕龙-46

物色第四十六 春秋代序,阴阳惨舒,物色之动,心亦摇焉。盖阳气萌而玄驹步,阴律凝而丹鸟羞,微虫犹或入感,四时之动物深矣。若夫珪璋挺其惠心,英华秀其清气,物色相召,人谁获安?是以献岁发春,悦豫之情畅;滔滔孟夏,郁陶之心凝。天高气清,阴沉之志远;霰雪无垠,矜肃之虑深。岁有其物,物有其容;情以物迁,辞以情发。一叶且或迎意,虫声有足引心。况清风与明月同夜,白日与春林共朝哉! 是以诗人感物,联类不穷。流连万象

阅读(518) 评论(0) 2013-08-06 20:49

文心雕龙-45

时序第四十五 时运交移,质文代变,古今情理,如可言乎?昔在陶唐,德盛化钧,野老吐“何力”之谈,郊童含“不识”之歌。有虞继作,政阜民暇,薰风咏于元后,“烂云”歌于列臣。尽其美者何?乃心乐而声泰也。至大禹敷土,九序咏功,成汤圣敬,“猗欤”作颂。逮姬文之德盛,《周南》勤而不怨;大王之化淳,《邠风》乐而不淫。幽厉昏而《板》、《荡》怒,平王微而《黍离》哀。故知歌谣文理,与世推移,风动于上,而波震于下者也。

阅读(545) 评论(0) 2013-06-27 22:29

A HISTORY OF WESTERN PHILOSOPHY(BERTRAND RUSSELL)-015

CHAPTER XXIV Early Greek Mathematics and Astronomy I AM concerned in this chapter with mathematics, not on its own account, but as it was related to Greek philosophy--a relation which, especially in P

阅读(1343) 评论(0) 2013-03-05 10:07

文心雕龙-44

总术第四十四 今之常言,有“文”有“笔”,以为无韵者“笔”也,有韵者“文”也。夫文以足言,理兼《诗》、《书》,别目两名,自近代耳。颜延年以为∶“笔之为体,言之文也;经典则言而非笔,传记则笔而非言。”请夺彼矛,还攻其楯矣。何者?《易》之《文言》,岂非言文?若笔为言文,不得云经典非笔矣。将以立论,未见其论立也。予以为∶发口为言,属翰曰笔,常道曰经,述经曰传。经传之体,出言入笔,笔为言使,可强可弱。《六

阅读(383) 评论(0) 2013-03-04 13:43

A HISTORY OF WESTERN PHILOSOPHY(BERTRAND RUSSELL)-014

CHAPTER XXIII Aristotle's Physics IN this chapter I propose to consider two of Aristotle's books, the one called Physics and the one called On the Heavens. These two books are closely connected; the s

阅读(549) 评论(0) 2013-01-27 21:03

文心雕龙-43

附会第四十三 何谓附会?谓总文理,统首尾,定与夺,合涯际,弥纶一篇,使杂而不越者也。若筑室之须基构,裁衣之待缝缉矣。夫才童学文,宜正体制∶必以情志为神明,事义为骨髓,辞采为肌肤,宫商为声气;然后品藻玄黄,攡振金玉,献可替否,以裁厥中:斯缀思之恒数也。 凡大体文章,类多枝派,整派者依源,理枝者循干。是以附辞会义,务总纲领,驱万涂于同归,贞百虑于一致,使众理虽繁,而无倒置之乖,群言虽多,而无棼丝之乱。

阅读(288) 评论(0) 2012-12-30 16:38

文心雕龙-42

养气第四十二 昔王充著述,制《养气》之篇,验己而作,岂虚造哉!夫耳目鼻口,生之役也;心虑言辞,神之用也。率志委和,则理融而情畅;钻砺过分,则神疲而气衰:此性情之数也。 夫三皇辞质,心绝于道华;帝世始文,言贵于敷奏。三代春秋,虽沿世弥缛,并适分胸臆,非牵课才外也。战代技诈,攻奇饰说,汉世迄今,辞务日新,争光鬻采,虑亦竭矣。故淳言以比浇辞,文质悬乎千载;率志以方竭情,劳逸差于万里。古人所以馀裕,后进所

阅读(503) 评论(0) 2012-06-02 18:11

A HISTORY OF WESTERN PHILOSOPHY(BERTRAND RUSSELL)-013

CHAPTER XIII The Sources of Plato's Opinions PLATO and Aristotle were the most influential of all philosophers, ancient, medieval, or modern; and of the two, it was Plato who had the greater effect u

阅读(635) 评论(0) 2012-06-02 18:05

文心雕龙-41

指瑕第四十一 管仲有言∶“无翼而飞者声也;无根而固者情也。”然则声不假翼,其飞甚易;情不待根,其固匪难。以之垂文,可不慎欤!古来文才,异世争驱。或逸才以爽迅,或精思以纤密,而虑动难圆,鲜无瑕病。陈思之文,群才之俊也,而《武帝诔》云“尊灵永蛰”,《明帝颂》云“圣体浮轻”,浮轻有似于蝴蝶,永蛰颇疑于昆虫,施之尊极,岂其当乎?左思《七讽》,说孝而不从,反道若斯,馀不足观矣。潘岳为才,善于哀文,然悲内兄

阅读(587) 评论(0) 2012-04-14 16:25

A HISTORY OF WESTERN PHILOSOPHY(BERTRAND RUSSELL)-012

CHAPTER XII The Influence of Sparta TO understand Plato, and indeed many later philosophers, it is necessary to know something of Sparta. Sparta had a double effect on Greek thought: through the rea

阅读(2690) 评论(0) 2012-04-01 22:38

文心雕龙-40

隐秀第四十 夫心术之动远矣,文情之变深矣,源奥而派生,根盛而颖峻,是以文之英蕤,有秀有隐。隐也者,文外之重旨者也;秀也者,篇中之独拔者也。隐以复意为工,秀以卓绝为巧。斯乃旧章之懿绩,才情之嘉会也。 夫隐之为体,义生文外,秘响旁通,伏采潜发,譬爻象之变互体,川渎之韫珠玉也。故互体变爻,而化成四象;珠玉潜水,而澜表方圆。始正而末奇,内明而外润,使玩之者无穷,味之者不厌矣。 彼波起辞间,是谓之秀。纤手丽

阅读(1248) 评论(0) 2012-03-24 21:24

A HISTORY OF WESTERN PHILOSOPHY(BERTRAND RUSSELL)-011

CHAPTER XI Socrates SOCRATES is a very difficult subject for the historian. There are many men concerning whom it is certain that very little is known, and other men concerning whom it is certain th

阅读(2778) 评论(0) 2012-02-27 15:58